PTSD and Complex PTSD
PTSD and Complex PTSD are both caused by trauma. PTSD can be caused either by a single traumatic event (e.g., earthquake, sexual assault, or serious auto accident) or by multiple traumatic events (e.g. several traumatic events during war). Complex PTSD can only be caused by multiple traumatic experiences which have a wider range of symptoms than those in the PTSD criteria. Typical causes involve the person being in a prolonged, and normally continuous, set of traumatic experiences over a considerable period of time. For example, child abuse lasting several years or prolonged captivity with severe mistreatment, e.g. in a concentration camp.  This related interpersonal abuse causes problems in many future relationships.
Complex PTSD has additional symptoms
- Interpersonal difficulties, meaning relationship problems
- Negative self-concept, for example persistent beliefs that
- Affect dysregulation, meaning being unable to manage…
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